This item is in: Materials > Transport materials and technologies > RailWheel-rail interface handbook
Edited by R Lewis, University of Sheffield, UK and U Olofsson, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
State-of-the-art is an overused term, but in this case it is well used
The authors of the reviews are all experts in their areas with established records of research. The reviews are authoritative and miss little.
- one-stop reference on the important topic of wheel rail-interfaces
- presents the fundamentals of contact mechanics, wear, fatigue and lubrication
- examines state-of-the-art research and emerging technologies related to wheel-rail interface and its management
- provides an overview of industrial practice from countries around the world including Japan, Australia and Canada
Many of the engineering problems of particular importance to railways arise at interfaces and the safety-critical role of the wheel/rail interface is widely acknowledged. Better understanding of wheel/rail interfaces is therefore critical to improving the capacity, reliability and safety of the railway system.
Wheel-rail interface handbook is a one-stop reference for railway engineering practitioners and academic researchers. Part one provides the fundamentals of contact mechanics, wear, fatigue and lubrication as well as state-of-the-art research and emerging technologies related to the wheel/rail interface and its management. Part two offers an overview of industrial practice from several different regions of the world, thereby providing an invaluable international perspective with practitioners’ experience of managing the wheel/rail interface in a variety of environments and circumstances.
This comprehensive volume will enable practising railway engineers, in whatever discipline of railway engineering – infrastructure, vehicle design and safety, and so on – to enhance their understanding of wheel/rail issues, which have a major influence on the running of a reliable, efficient and safe railway.
ISBN 1 84569 412 0
ISBN-13: 978 1 84569 412 8
856 pages 234 x 156mm hardback
£210.00 / US$355.00 / €250.00
Usually dispatched within 24 hours
About the editors
Dr Roger Lewis is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sheffield, where his main research interests include railway and automotive tribology, and design of tools to solve wear and failure problems in industry.
Professor Ulf Olofsson is Head of the Department of Machine Design and research leader of the tribology group in the Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden. His main research interests include interfaces and especially simulation and prediction of friction and wear, mainly applied to problems in railways and mechanical engineering.
Titles which may also be of interest:
Fatigue in railway infrastructure
Solving tribology problems in rotating machines
Tribology and dynamics of engine and powertrain
Condition assessment of aged structures
Surface coatings for protection against wear
PART 1 STATE-OF-THE-ART RESEARCH
PART 2 INDUSTRIAL CONTEXT - MANAGING THE WHEEL-RAIL INTERFACE
PART 1 STATE-OF-THE-ART RESEARCH
Introduction to wheel-rail interface research
R Lundén, Chalmers/CHARMEC and B Paulsson, Banverket, Sweden
History and present situation. Phenomena in the wheel-rail interface. Research fields. Applications. Ongoing research, development and standardization efforts. System aspects and optimization. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. Acknowledgements. References.
Basic tribology of the wheel-rail contact
R Lewis, University of Sheffield, UK and U Olofsson, KTH Machine Design, Sweden
Introduction. Contact mechanics. Wear. Fatigue. Adhesion. References.
Wheel-rail contact mechanics
S Björklund and R Enblom, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden and S Iwnicki, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
Introduction. General contact modeling. Wheel-rail contact analysis. Computer simulation tools for railway vehicle dynamics. Future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References.
Friction and wear simulation of the wheel-rail interface
S Andersson, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden
Introduction. Single-point observation method. Wear maps and transition diagrams. Friction models. Wear simulation. References.
J E Garnham and C L Davis, University of Birmingham, UK
Introduction. Pearlitic rails. Austenitic rails for switches and crossings. Welding rail. Wear and rolling contact fatigue of pearlitic rail. Bainitic rail. Recent rail material developments. Conclusions. References.
Railway wheel wear
F Braghin and S Bruni, Politecnico di Milano, Italy, R Lewis, University of Sheffield, UK
Introduction. The wheel wear process. Tribological issues in wheel wear. Wheel-rail contact mechanics and its effect on wheel wear. State-of-the-art of uniform wheel wear modelling. Means to reduce uniform wheel wear. Conclusions. References.
Fatigue of railway wheels
A Ekberg, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden
Introduction. Appearance and mechanisms of wheel fatigue. Prediction of wheel fatigue. Wheel fatigue put in context. Conclusions. Sources of further information and advice. Acknowledgements. References.
Out-of-round railway wheels
J Nielsen, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden
Introduction. Classification and quantification of wheel out-of-roundness. Discrete wheel tread defects. Wheel roughness induced by tread braking. Simulation of consequences of out-of-round wheels. Sources of further information and advice. Acknowledgements. References.
Rail surface fatigue and wear
D I Fletcher, University of Sheffield, F J Franklin, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK and A Kapoor, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
Introduction. Rail rolling contact fatigue. Experimental investigations. Calculating crack growth rate. Crack branching predictions. Rail wear. References.
The evolution and failure of pearlitic microstructure in rail steel: observations and modelling
F J Franklin, University of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, J E Garnham, University of Birmingham, D I Fletcher, University of Sheffield, C L Davis, University of Birmingham, UK and A Kapoor, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
Introduction. Observations of microstructural evolution and failure. Modelling. Conclusions. Acknowledgements. Nomenclature. References.
S Grassie, Stuart Grassie Engineering Ltd,Germany
Introduction. Classification of corrugation. Heavy-haul corrugation. Light rail corrugation. Other P2 resonance corrugation. Rutting. Roaring rails/“pinned-pinned resonance” corrugation. Trackform-specific corrugation. Conclusions and recommendations. Acknowledgements. References.
M Steenbergen, Delft University of Technology and R W van Bezooijen, Id² Consultancy, The Netherlands
Introduction. Rail welding processes. Rail welds and damage formation. Rail welding irregularities and dynamic effects in the wheel-rail interface. Rail weld geometry assessment; the Dutch rail welding regulations (2005). Welding irregularities, energy considerations and deterioration. References.
Squats on railway rails
Z Li, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Introduction. Review of past research. Correlation of squats with track parameters. Characteristics of squats. 3D dynamic rolling contact solutions in elasto-plasticity. Squats initiation due to differential wear and differential plastic deformation. Squats growth process. Detection of squats. Counter measures. Further research. References.
Effect of contaminants on wear, fatigue and traction
S Lewis and R Dwyer-Joyce, University of Sheffield, UK
Introduction. Contaminants. Friction modifiers. Discussion. Conclusions. References.
Effect of damage on railway vehicle dynamics
F Braghin and S Bruni, Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Classification of damages that affect vehicle dynamics. Effects of transversal profile wear. Effects of rail corrugation. Effects of wheel out-of-roundness. Effects of localized damages on wheel and rail profiles. Conclusions. References.
Noise and vibration from the wheel-rail interface
D Thompson and C Jones, University of Southampton, UK
Introduction. Basics of noise and vibration. Rolling noise. Reduction of rolling noise. Impact noise. Curve squeal. Ground vibration and ground-borne noise. Conclusions and future trends. Sources of further information and advice. References.
Adhesion and friction modification
U Olofsson, KTH Machine Design, Sweden
Introduction. The coefficient of friction, adhesion and braking distance. Friction modification. Possible models for low friction at the wheel-rail contact. Future trends. References.
R Lewis, University of Sheffield, UK
Introduction. Third bodies in the wheel rail contact. Testing for isolation. Effects of contaminants on isolation. Modelling approaches. Conclusions. References.
Airborne particles from the wheel-rail contact
M Gustafsson, VTI – Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden
Introduction. Background. Concentrations. Particle properties and sources. Dispersion. Health effects. Measures. Future trends. References.
Maintenance of the wheel-rail interface
S Grassie, Stuart Grassie Engineering Ltd, Germany
Introduction. The importance of friction. Routine metal removal and maintenance of transverse profile. Routine maintenance of longitudinal/circumferential profile. “Corrective” maintenance. Future trends in maintenance of the wheel-rail interface. Sources of further information and advice. References.
Models for infrastructure costs related to the wheel-rail interface
E Andersson, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) and J Oberg, Banverket, Sweden
Introduction. Track deterioration model. Computational tools and input data. Calibration of model and cost. Examples of results. Conclusions and future trends. References.
PART 2 INDUSTRIAL CONTEXT - MANAGING THE WHEEL-RAIL INTERFACE
Managing the wheel-rail interface: Railway infrastructure maintenance in a Severe Environment; The Swedish Experience
P-O Larsson-Kraik, Banverket, Sweden
Introduction. General description of Malmbanan (Swedish ore line). Locomotives and cars. Train control system. Infrastructure configuration. Electrical power system. Track maintenance practices. Maintenance, wheel-rail interaction.
Managing the wheel-rail interface: Europe Metro (London Underground) experience on the London Underground Victoria line
D Scott, Metronet Rail, UK
Introduction to the Victoria line and historic wheel-rail interface issues. The Victoria line upgrade. Wheel-rail interface monitoring. Lubrication management. Identified wheel-rail interface problems. Ongoing work and future plans. Conclusions. References
Managing the wheel-rail interface: the Canadian experience
E Magel and P Sroba, National Research Council, Canada
Introduction. Canadian Pacific Railway – wheel-rail management experience. Cartier Railway Company – optimising the captive railroad. Several wheel-rail problems on Vancouver’s Skytrain. Wheel life and ride quality on Edmonton Transit. Wheel shelling on Canada’s freight railroads. Canadian National Railway – rail grinding needs are site specific. Summary and conclusions. References.
Managing the wheel-rail interface: the US experience
J Tunna, Transportation Technology Center Inc, USA
Introduction. Wheel and rail materials. Wheel and rail profiles. Wheel and rail surface damage. Lubrication and friction modification. Condition monitoring. Conclusions. References.
Managing the wheel-rail interface: the Japanese experience
M Ishida, Railway Technical Research Institute, Japan
Introduction. Rolling contact fatigue. Wear. Corrugation. Adhesion. Lubrication. References.
Managing the wheel-rail interface: the Australian experience
S Marich, Marich Consulting Services, Australia
Introduction. Rail-wheel wear and lubrication. Rail corrugations. Rolling contact and thermal/traction defects. Control of wheel-rail interaction through profiling. Rail grinding. Friction management. Rail and wheel materials. Concluding remarks. References.
Managing the wheel-rail interface: the Dutch experience
A Zoeteman, R Dollevoet, R Fischer and J-W Lammers, ProRail, EIM and Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Introduction. Optimising rail maintenance. Optimising wheel maintenance. Special aspects in optimising wheel-rail interface: riding comfort and noise. Monitoring traffic movement: Gotcha/Quo Vadi. Conclusions. References.